Lemosho Crater and Summit

The Lemosho Route is truly picturesque and unspoilt with the possibility of sighting wild game along the forest section. This route is a superior option for trekkers seeking a quiet route away from the crowds for the first two days trekking.

The Lemosho Crater and Summit route takes us from the West across Shira Plateau to the rarely visited Moir Hut, onwards to Lava Tower before descending to Barranco Camp. We ascend the Great Barranco Wall, a challenging and exhilarating rock scramble and approach Uhuru Summit from Barafu or Kossovo Camp and the ridge that abuts the Southeast Valley. The climb from Barafu offers incredible views of Mawenzi Peak and Kilimanjaro’s remnant volcanic cone.

After stopping for our summit photos, we continue past the summit and stop to the West of the summit to view the magnificent vistas of the Western Breach and Shira Plateau before descending the short distance to our crater camp set in soft sand adjacent the indigo streaked Furtwangler Glacier.

The wide crater floor is a magnificent arctic moonscape with the stunning crater a short walk from our camp.

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$3,325 USD

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Lemosho Crater and Summit


Day 1

Day 1: Arrive in Tanzania

Trekkers arrive from their respective countries at Kilimanjaro International Airport or Arusha if transferring by bus from Nairobi. A member of our staff will be at Kilimanjaro airport arrivals or the Arusha shuttle bus terminus holding a Trekili Eco Expeditions placard. You will then be transferred to your accommodation located just outside of Arusha.

Day 2

Day 2: Arusha

At a mutually convenient time, your guide will provide a pre-trek briefing, carry out a gear check, review the route with you and answer any questions you may have. The rest of the day is yours to relax and unwind from your long journey to Tanzania.

Day 3

Day 3: Arusha to Londrossi Gate to Big Tree Camp

After breakfast we travel by 4wd to Londrossi gate where you will meet your guides and mountain crew. We take care of all national park formalities, registering all climbers and weighing all duffle bags to ensure the load carried by each porter does not exceed the mandatory 20kgs limit. Depending on your program and weather conditions we may take lunch at the gate.

After completing the registration process at Londrossi Gate we drive for 11kms along narrow dirt roads through pine plantations, gradually climbing to the Lemosho Glades where we begin our trek.

We hike uphill for 3 hours through the thick and undisturbed montane forest where you may hear the calls of many exotic birds and if we are lucky we may see blue monkeys and hear the grunting calls of the magnificent black colobus monkeys with their long “cape” of white hair and a flowing white tail.

Our camp tonight is in the forest zone, where podocarpus (African yellow-wood), hagenia and hypericum (St John’s wort) dominate. In the evening you may hear the unmistakable shrieking call of the tree hyrax.

Today’s Stats
Hiking Time: 4-5 hours
Total Distance: 7 km
Starting Altitude:  1981m (6890ft)
Final Altitude: 2780m (9222ft)
Environment: Montane (rain) Forest

Day 4

Day 4: Mt Mkubwa Camp to Shira 1 Camp

Today is a long day over narrow tracks that weave in and out of the ridges as we ascend. Along the way we will admire trees such as the giant heather and erica and as we gain altitude we will encounter the unique giant levelia and giant groundsel (senecio kilimanjari).

There is no hurry to reach Shira Camp and our mantra “pole pole” (Swakili: “slowly slowly”) resonates in our ears ensuring our bodies adjust to the altitude gain and to take in the magnificent views of Kilimanjaro.

The Shira Plateau is one of the highest in the world with an average height of 3810m and extends for about 13 kms to the west of Kilimanjaro.  The Shira Plateau is a caldera, a collapsed volcanic crater. We might even spot a herd of eland in the distance, or startle a grey duiker near camp.

Today’s Stats
Hiking Time: 7 hours
Total Distance: 12 km
Starting Altitude: 2780m (9222ft)
Final Altitude: 3511m (11520ft)
Environment: Montane Forest – Moorland

Day 5

Day 5: Shira 1 Camp to Moir Hut

Today we trek steadily northwards through the heather and into the barren high altitude desert towards the natural landmark called Shark’s Tooth. We gain altitude slowly and continue to acclimatize.

We walk up a ridge and into a valley, which we then ascend to camp, arriving in time for lunch. We are now in the high desert zone, where only hardy everlastings and small senecios survive, and we are just below the Lent Group, a collection of massive volcanic dykes.

Immediately above us is a huge circular bowl, created by glaciers, and there are numbers of lava tube caves in the cliffs at the uppermost edge. Above that is the Kibo Massif and the Northern Ice Field. Below we have extensive views of the Shira Plateau, a giant sloping depression, where we can see much of the area we have walked recently.

Today’s Stats
Hiking Time: 5-6 hours
Total Distance: 9 km
Starting Altitude: 3511m (11520ft)
Final Altitude: 4175m (13700ft)
Environment: Alpine Desert

Day 6

Day 6: Moir Camp to Barranco Camp

We descend the rocky scree path to Lava Tower (4530m) for lunch. Those who feel up to it can undertake and optional rock scramble (non-technical) to the top of Lava Tower where you will have spectacular panoramic vistas of the Karanga Valley below, Shira Plateau and the spectacular Western Breach above.

From Lava Tower, we descend steeply for 2 hours down more than 600m into the Great Barranco Valley. This descent affords fantastic views and some great photo opportunities of the Western Breach and Breach Wall.

You will also feel the clear benefits of this acclimatization day as we lose altitude.

Barranco Camp is set on a col (flat area) enclosed on three sides by the Breach Wall and the Kibo Massif itself. Hanging glaciers shimmer in the sunshine above amidst the eerie landscape of plants such as the giant groundsels, and the uniquely endemic giant lobelia.

This is definitely the toughest day so far, but incredibly beautiful.

Today’s Stats
Hiking Time: 4-5 hours
Total Distance: 8 km
Starting Altitude: 4175m (13700ft)
Final Altitude: 3978m (13054ft)

Day 7

Day 7: Barranco Camp to Karanga Camp

Today we undertake the Great Barranco Wall – an imposing face above Barranco Camp. A steady climb up the eastern wall takes us just below the Heim Glacier, where we may have some breathtaking views of the Heim Glacier and Mt. Kilimanjaro depending upon the weather and any cloud cover.

Our trail continues down into the alpine desert of the Karanga Valley, where we finish this second acclimatization day at Karanga Camp (4046m).

Today’s Stats
Hiking Time: 4-5 hours
Total Distance: 8 km
Starting Altitude: 3978m (13054ft)
Final Altitude: 4046m (13277ft)
Environment: Alpine Desert

Day 8

Day 8: Karanga Valley Camp to Barafu Camp

We begin the day trekking through the alpine desert of the Karanga Valley. Here the temperature will grow colder as we follow the trail climbing through this barren and dry landscape up to the Barafu camp. Barafu is the Swahili word for “ice”, and the camping area is on a ridge in a narrow and exposed flat area.

Here there are ever-present powerful winds blowing down from the mountain peaks.  Our campsite at 4600m offers spectacular views of the nearby peaks of Kibo and Mawenzi.

In preparation for your final ascent tonight, you will familiarize yourself with the terrain before dark, and prepare your equipment and thermal clothing for the summit attempt. Sleep will be difficult and you will retire to your tents after dinner to rest for the 1385m final ascent to the roof of Africa.

Today’s Stats
Hiking Time: 4-5 hours
Total Distance: 3.5 km
Starting Altitude: 4039m (13250ft)
Final Altitude: 4600m (15200ft)
Environment: Alpine Desert

Day 9

Day 9: Barafu Camp to Uhuru Summit to Crater Camp

We will rise early to leave camp at around 6am and after a warm drink and a light snack, you will begin the most difficult though most rewarding day of the trek – your hike to the roof of Africa.

After approximately 6 hours of slow but strenuous hiking, you will reach the rim of the main crater, Stella Point, at 5685m. 

At this point we stop to rest, eat lunch and take in the views over the clouds.

From Stella Point the trail is normally snow-covered, and every step of the 2 hour final ascent to Uhuru peak is challenging. Passing alongside the iridescent blue Rebmann and Tarzel glaciers we reach Elveda Point (5882) we can see Uhuru Peak now only minutes away. The roof of Africa is within your grasp.

Arriving at the summit you feel a huge sense of elation and accomplishment. You have done it, you have made it to the highest point in Africa. We spend as much time as you need to appreciate your accomplishment, as this is a day to remember for the rest of your life! The time you will spend on the summit will depend on the weather conditions and temperature.

After stopping for our summit photos, we continue on past the summit and stop to the west of the summit to view the magnificent vistas of the Western Breach and Shira Plateau. We are in no hurry as Crater Camp is only a one-two hour hike zigzagging down from the summit.

Today’s Stats
Hiking Time: 6-8 hours
Total Distance: 7.5 km
Starting Altitude: 4600m (15200ft)
Summit Altitude: 5895m (19340ft) – Uhuru Peak
Final Altitude: Crater camp 5726m (18500ft)
Environment: Stone Scree, ice capped summit, Alpine desert

Day 10

Day 10: Crater Camp to Millennium Camp

After resting our bodies from yesterday’s accomplishment we break camp and take a hike via the Northern and Eastern Ice Fields to the dramatic and fascinating Reusch Ash Pit and Central Ash Pit. This dormant volcano offers a rare glimpse into another world and is a truly amazing sight that few are privileged to witness.

We circle the summit massif and rejoin the trail near Stella Point to continue a 2-3 hour steep, dusty and demanding descent to Barafu Camp where we stop for a well deserved rest for lunch and remove some of our many layers of clothing as the day begins to heat up.

Leaving Barafu you descend due south for 4km, losing a lot of altitude over the next 2 hours. After about an hour you come to a crossroads. To the left is a little-used trail to the Horombo Huts on the Marangu Route and to the right is the Southern Circuit leading to the Keranga Valley.

At this point the Millennium Camp comes into view and our spirits are lifted as we eventually arrive at Millennium Camp in the early afternoon where a hot shower and meal awaits.

Today’s Stats
Hiking Time: 6-8 hours
Total Distance: 9 km
Starting Altitude: 5726m (18500ft)
Final Altitude: Millennium Camp 3819m (12530ft)
Environment: Alpine desert, Stone Scree

Day 11

Day 11: Millennium Camp to Mweka Gate

Today your legs will be further tested as the path descends steeply through the lush Mweka Rain Forest. The trail is steep in places and the going slippery if wet.

The route follows the crest of a broad ridge separating two river valleys until it meets with a road that leads us for the last 40 mins to the Mweka Park gates where we stop for a well deserved picnic lunch where successful hikers will receive their summit certificates (gold for Uhuru Peak, green for Stella Point) from the Kilimanjaro National Park Authority.

Post celebrations, we are taken by either private bus or jeep to our hotel in Arusha.

Today’s Stats
Hiking Time: 5-6 hours (1.5 hrs vehicle transfer to hotel)
Total Distance: 13.5 km
Starting Altitude: 3819m (15530ft)
Final Altitude: 1652m (5420ft)
Environment: Montane Rain Forest

Day 12

Day 12: Depart Tanzania

Depart Tanzania or continue your dream with an amazing safari extension.

For trekkers not continuing with a safari we provide transfers to Kilimanjaro International Airport or bus station for your onward journey.


Included in tour

Transfers to/from Kilimanjaro International Airport, Arusha shuttle bus terminus and to/from park entrance/exit gates for your selected route

All accommodation in Tanzania (double occupancy 3* Hotel) including breakfast
 (1 night before and one night after your climb-two nights total)

Kilimanjaro National Park entrance, camping, and rescue fees

Services of trip leader, climbing guides, and mountain crew

All dining and camping equipment (excluding sleeping bag unless rented)

All meals on the mountain

Filtered water (we use the Katadyn KFT Expedition filtration system) during the climb; tea, coffee, cocoa, milk and juices as required.

Portable private toilet with biodegradable waste system at all camps
. Clean Mountain Can used to remove all waste from high camps for correct disposal.

Pressure Altitude Chamber (portable hyperbaric chamber) and oxygen on all climbs
 (for use in the event of an emergency)

Petzl Elios helmets ‐ required on the Western Breach ascent

Safety Equipment:

First aid kit

Emergency Oxygen

Pulse Oximeter

Medsled Rescue stretcher

Personal Summit Certificate signed by the National Park for successful trekkers

Excluded in tour

Costs of visas


International airfare, excess baggage charges, airport departure taxes

Travel insurance, medical insurance

Personal expenses such as beverages (other than those included with meals, as listed in each itinerary), room service, souvenirs, laundry, communication charges, medical or extra evacuation fees, staff gratuities and any meals not listed in the itinerary.

Additional transportation, accommodation, and meals incurred by a client unable to continue a planned itinerary due to illness, health, medical conditions or due to airline schedule changes.


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